Whitman School of Management at Syracuse University
JDE

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What about the entrepreneur? How business models drive and hinder the development of self-sustaining local energy access ventures in Rwanda
The energy access landscape has recently undergone a radical transformation. International donors and national governments increasingly seek to implement market-based programs, while there is heightened interest in Base of the Pyramid energy opportun ...
EVALUATING THE CROSS-NATIONAL TRANSFERABILITY OF POLICIES: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
When seeking to harness entrepreneurship and enterprise culture, governments often seek to transfer policy measures successful in another country to their own. Until now however, governments have often lacked a practical evaluation framework for sele ...
Cuba’s Emerging Self-Employed Entrepreneurs: Recent Developments and Prospects for the Future
This paper examines the evolution of Cuba’s self-employed entrepreneurs since the sector has been officially-recognized alternative to State sector employment in 2010. Despite the expansion of authorized self-employment activities, and the implementa ...
Do Micro Enterprises choose Micro Finance Institutions for meeting their financial needs? Evidence from Mumbai Slums.
The present paper empirically investigates types of Microenterprises (MEs) resorting to microfinance institutions(MFIs) for their financial needs in the slums of Mumbai, India. The study is based on a primary survey of MEs, located in two different t ...
Do Women Fare Better in Women-Owned Businesses? An Exploratory Study
Numerous studies have chronicled the problems women experience in seeking to be hired and subsequently break through the glass ceiling in corporate America. These studies have been approached from the traditional perspective of male-dominated organi ...
Adoption of Technological Innovation in a Developing Country: An Empirical Analysis of Enterprises in Lao People's Democratic Republic
This study investigates the adoption of technological innovation in a least-developed economy: Lao People’s Democratic Republic. World Bank Survey data encompassing nearly 380 enterprises from 2009 and 2012 was used to analyze the effects of collabo ...
REVIEWING EXISTING POLICIES FOR UNLEASHING AND FOSTERING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SELECTED AFRICAN COUNTRIES.
Policies are vital for unleashing and fostering of entrepreneurship in every society. This paper reviewed the national policies for the promotion and support of productive entrepreneurial activities aimed at enhancing the achievement of entrepreneuri ...
THE INFLUENCE OF FAMILY MORAL SUPPORT AND PERSONAL PROBLEMS ON FIRM PERFORMANCE: THE CASE OF KOREAN WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS
Less than one-fifth of all entrepreneurs are women in Korea (Xavier et al., 2012). We investigate the determinants of Korean women entrepreneurs’ firm performance. Specifically, we examine the impact of personal problems and family support and their ...
Does Self-employment Enhance Regional Economic Growth?
Creative and qualified self-employed individuals contribute in economic growth by inventing new products, production processes, distribution methods, and employing other people. Researchers are interested in self-employment if it can provide jobs to ...
Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Relationships: Evidence from the Franchising Context
This study examines how entrepreneurial relationship variables such as trust, conflict, interpersonal justice, and satisfaction differ among a group of men and women franchisees. Results suggest that differences exist between men and women franchisee ...
Entrepreneurial Drive and the Informal Economy in Cameroon
There is a growing appreciation for the value and impact of the informal economy on the lives and livelihood of many in developing economies. A key question for researchers has been whether those operating in it do so out of necessity or voluntarily ...
BRICOLAGE AND GROWTH STRATEGIES: EFFECTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF PALESTINIAN WOMEN-LED FIRMS
This study explores the relationships between bricolage, firm performance and growth opportunities in contexts characterized by extreme resource scarcity. Using a sample of 160 Palestinian women entrepreneurs as representative of entrepreneurs acting ...
Chinese SMEs’ Uses of Financial Statements to Make Decisions
With a sample of 46 Chinese small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this study examines factors that might affect firms’ use of financial statements to make decisions. Financial statements contain insightful information about potential risk and ret ...
Why Suboptimal Contracts Are Usually Chosen in Venture Capital Backed Nascent Entrepreneurship?
This paper attempts to interpret the reason of high failure rate in venture capital backed nascent entrepreneurship by applying contract theory and employing a theoretical model of contract choice between entrepreneurs and venture capitalists. The re ...
A STUDY OF PR PRACTITIONERS' USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA TOOLS IN CYPRUS
This study is aimed at both researchers and public relations (PR) practitioners. The use of social media tools and technologies — such as blogs, social networking, microblogging, podcasts, etc. — is a very important factor for PR practitioners, helpi ...
LEVERAGING ETHNIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP, CULTURE AND FAMILY DYNAMICS TO ENHANCE GOOD GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABILITY IN THE IMMIGRANT FAMILY BUSINESS
Immigrant family businesses are one of the most unique, complex and dynamic systems in our modern-day society. The blending of two inherently different realms — the performance-based world of business and the emotion-based domain of the immigrant fam ...
RETAIL ISLAMIC FINANCIAL SERVICES IN NORTH AMERICA: THE (UPPER) MICHIGAN CONNECTION
The purpose of this paper is to explore how a small remote Midwestern bank reformulated itself into a major marketer of retail Islamic financial services in the United States and influenced Islamic financial services marketing in North America. The p ...
The Influence of the Relational Marketing Paradigm on the Governance of the Novel Channel Format Named Social Franchising: An Exploratiory Qualitative Analysis of Four Social Franchises from the UK
This paper explores the influence of the relational paradigm on the governance structure and performance of the novel inter-organizational format named social franchising.  This format has emerged as a channel strategy to tackle the issues of gr ...
Measuring Luxury Brand Consumption and Female Consumers' Religiosity in the UAE
Luxury brand consumption by female consumers in the rich Arab Gulf states has never been systematically studied, and thus most of our knowledge in this area remains shaped by preconceived notions that are not likely to withstand scientific scrutiny. ...
Halal Products and Services in the Italian Tourism and Hospitality Industry: Brief Case Studies of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Increasing tourism by Muslims to non-Muslim countries highlights a need to examine the capacity and willingness of such destinations to fully cater to Muslim needs and ways of life. This paper explores the case of Italy, where a gradual move is being ...
ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY AS AN EXTERNALITY OF INWARD FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN EMERGING ECONOMIES: PANEL DATA FROM ARGENTINA, BRAZIL, COLOMBIA & SOUTH AFRICA
Many emerging economies seek multiple and diversified means of economic development, including openness to inward foreign direct investment. However, some scholars and protectionists claim this hosting of economic activity on the part of multinationa ...
ENTREPRENEURIAL SELF-EFFICACY, INTENT, AND INTENSITY: DOES EXPERIENTIAL TRAINING ENHANCE OR INHIBIT PREDISPOSITIONS?
Whereas prior research has investigated the relationship between the belief in one’s abilities (entrepreneurial self-efficacy) and the intent to form a new business as a discrete event, little research has investigated relationship between entreprene ...
Resources and Failure of SMEs: Another Look.
Failure among SMEs has been attributed to being small, young, located in rural areas, come from particular industries and not part of a network. These determinants if used as surrogates for resources, suggest that firms that lack resources are more s ...
Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in West Bank Palestine
This paper examines the nature of the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic growth in the West Bank of the Palestinian territories that occurred post Oslo Agreement. The paper has two main objectives: first, to examine the empirical evid ...
DEVELOPING A TAXONOMY FOR IDENTIFYING ENTREPRENEURIAL RISK: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON ENTREPRENEURIAL RISK PATTERNS OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES
The purpose of this study is to examine entrepreneurial risk and market behavior patterns of small business Enterprises (SME). A sample (N = 201) of SMEs across 11 industries. The industries were classified into four categories: (a) consumer competit ...
Gender Differentials in Antecedents of Habitual Entrepreneurship: Impetus Factors and Human Capital
The study investigates gender differences in the effects of entrepreneurial impetus and human capital on habitual entrepreneurship, defined as starting multiple new ventures in a serial or portfolio manner. Using PSED II data on nascent entrepreneurs ...
THE BITTER TRUTH: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BLACK MALE AND BLACK FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS
The paper examines variables stated to be central to entrepreneurial success and reports differences between black male and black female entrepreneurs. Variables studied include task-specific efficacy, firm performance, and opportunity recognition. ...
Boundaries of Network Ties in Entrepreneurship: How Large is too Large?
External environments can require entrepreneurs to adjust and maintain network ties to cope with environmental changes and turbulence. Although network ties can help entrepreneurs to gain resources and support, researchers are becoming aware of some ...
Researching Black Entrepreneurship: Exploring the Challenge of Response Bias
The reasons for the long term lagging rate of black entrepreneurship are not well understood. While there has been growing research on black entrepreneurship, race related research can be challenging and may be susceptible to bias resulting from soci ...
Contextualizing Youth Entrepreneurship: The Case of Botswana’s Young Farmers Fund
Entrepreneurship is well established as a development strategy to facilitate youth empowerment in Africa. Existing scholarship on youth entrepreneurship, while informative, remains limited given its focus on either normative institutional structures ...
Unorganised Sector in Non-Agricultural Activities: Employment Elasticity and Wage-Productivity Nexus
Since the employment growth in the formal or the organized sector has been sluggish, the hope for the increasing workforce lies only in the unorganized sector. This paper focuses on issues related to employment, productivity and wages in unorganized ...
BEYOND THE FORMAL ECONOMY: EVALUATING THE LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT IN INFORMAL SECTOR ENTERPRISES IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the varying level of employment in informal sector enterprises across the globe and to undertake an exploratory analysis of the wider economic and social conditions associated with greater levels of informalisatio ...
Health Insurance Availability and Entrepreneurship
Unlike prior studies of the impact of health insurance on entrepreneurship, this paper uses primary data from a representative recent survey of entrepreneurs. First, we report the characteristics and socio-economic backgrounds of entrepreneurs. Secon ...
MICROENTERPRISE GROWTH AT THE BASE OF THE PYRAMID: A RESOURCE-BASED PERSPECTIVE
In a base-of-the-pyramid context, the ability to start ventures is often quite robust because micro-entrepreneurs are able to start with few resources and can often sustain ventures for extended lengths of time in the absence of meaningful revenues. ...
Entrepreneurs in the Dark. The Impact of Fragile and Hybrid Governance on Lebanese Entrepreneurship – A Case-Study of the Electricity Sector
Governance is often treated as a ‘black box’ explanation for entrepreneurial development. In order to improve our understanding of how governance influences entrepreneurship it is instructive to consider how entrepreneurs function under so-called fra ...
BRICOLAGE AS A MEANS OF INNOVATING IN A RESOURCE-SCARCE ENVIRONMENT: A STUDY OF INNOVATOR-ENTREPRENEURS AT THE BOP
The aim of this study is to gain insight on how bricolage is used to as a method of innovating in a resource scarce context. Previous studies of entrepreneurship have emphasized the significance of bricolage especially as way to mobilize resources. A ...
Minority Business Networks as a Source of Social Capital for Minority-Owned Firms
Much of our understanding of minority-owned firms is based on nascent entrepreneurial businesses. Therefore, it is difficult to answer the question of how a minority-owned firm’s age and size may influence the social capital derived from a minority b ...
UNDERLYING LOGICS THAT TRANSFORM SURVIVAL OR SUBSISTENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP CLUSTERS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Poor entrepreneurs in developing countries are trapped at subsistence level. This study attempts to understand how survival entrepreneurial clusters can evolve into innovative industrial networks. By conceptualizing survival entrepreneurship cluster ...
THE DIASPORA AS A CHANGE AGENT IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP-RELATED INSTITUTIONS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Diaspora networks’ role in supporting and stimulating entrepreneurial activities in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) economies need hardly be elaborated. Some SSA countries, for instance, have established government agencies to encourage diasporas to help l ...
Gender, performance, and financial strategy: A dynamic capabilities perspective
This article explores the impact of financial strategy, by gender, on firm performance using data from the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics. Our findings revealed that financial strategies do have an impact on firm performance, and that women ...
A SHORT NOTE ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS AN ALTERNATIVE LOGIC TO ADDRESS FOOD SECURITY IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
The purpose of this paper is to explore an ongoing application of the entrepreneurial method applied to the problem of food security in the developing world as an alternative logic. Food production and marketing channels in the developing world are o ...
The Dynamics of Strategic Entry and Motivations of Yoruba Women textile traders into textile trading at Balogun market, Lagos state, Nigeria
Despite the significant contributions of Yoruba women in economic development nationally, the unrecognized attitude of the government, lack of existing legal framework and policies, vagaries of informal economy and changes in socio- economic landsc ...
Entrepreneurship in Rural America Across Typologies, Gender and Motivation
This study examines the effect of rurality and job growth rate on early-stage necessity and opportunity entrepreneurship among women and men in America from three rural typology perspectives. To achieve this objective, we build a dataset that combine ...
ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY IN AMERICAN INDIAN NATIONS: EXTENDING THE GEM METHODOLOGY
Drawing on institutional theory and using a methodologyadapted from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), early stageentrepreneurial activities are examined within American Indian nations.Examining a context within a larger institutional context ...
An Examination of the Competitive Attitudes of Entrepreneurs: Implications for Entrepreneurial Orientation at the Individual Level
This exploratory study examined the competitive attitudes of entrepreneurs using the psychological theory of  hypercompetitiveness versus personal development competitiveness in data from a cross-section o ...
Identifying High potential Entrepreneurs in a Developing Country. A Cluster Analysis of Ugandan Entrepreneurs
It has often been argued that entrepreneurs in developing countries can be classified as either "survival" or growth-oriented". However there is little systematic knowledge about classifications of entrepreneurs in developing countries.  We prop ...
SUDANESE WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS
Women entrepreneurs are gaining in numbers around the globe. The rate of women’s entrepreneurship in Africa is higher than any other region of the world but no studies have focused on North Sudan. We investigate women entrepreneurs in North Sudan by ...
Social Value Creation: A Qualitative Study of Indian Social Entrepreneurs
Social entrepreneurship is emerging as an important field of study within business disciplines. There is significant social entrepreneurship activity in emerging economies but little systematic research of the phenomenon in this context. The purpose ...
Rural Microfinance and Client Retention: Evidence from Malawi
Microfinance institutions (MFIs) have largely focused on urban markets, leaving the rural poor underserved. The high costs of serving rural markets has often been identified as the key impediment to serving these markets, resulting in saturation and ...
Evaluating the Gender Variations in Informal Sector Entrepreneurship: Some Lessons from Brazil
The aim of this paper is to evaluate critically the gender variations in informal sector entrepreneurship. Until now, a widely-held belief has been that entrepreneurs operating in the informal sector in developing nations are lowly paid, poorly educa ...
Working With or Against the System: Ethical Dilemmas for Entrepreneurship in Ghana
The aim of this paper is to address entrepreneurship and ethics from the perspective of the Ghanaian entrepreneur in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in order to extend our understanding of issues influencing entrepreneurial behav ...
Migrant Entrepreneurs' Access to Business Finance in Australia
Migration status has been neglected both theoretically and empirically in much of the existing literature that explores whether particular social groups face undue difficulties accessing business finance. This paper tests whether Australia’s migrant ...
Entrepreunership and Micro-Finance in Extreme Poverty Circumstances-Challenges and Prospects: The Case of Zimbabwe
Using an on-going real case study of a micro-finance project modeled on financial inclusion in Zimbabwe, a country with high levels of poverty we provide real time insights on entrepreneurship and micro-finance in this environment focusing on the nat ...
A Resource-Based View of New Firm Survival: New Perspectives on the Role of Industry and Exit Route
This article explores factors affecting the survival and exit routes of new firms created in 2004 using data from the Kauffman Firm Survey. We draw upon the Resource-Based View to test several hypotheses regarding the impact of both tangible and inta ...
WHAT MAKES CHINA'S INVESTMENT SUCCESSFUL IN AFRICA: THE ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT AND BEHAVIOR OF CHINESE ENTERPRISES IN TRANSITIONAL TIMES
Currently, much attention is paid to the political aims and influence of Chinese outward investment, especially in developing Africa. This paper tried to fill the knowledge-gap of international entrepreneurship literature by analyzing the entrepreneu ...
What next for Microfinance? How the broader financial context matters for effective microfinance outreach
This paper explores how the overall development of the financial sector and the regulatory framework impact national levels of microfinance outreach. It finds that microfinance tends to serve more clients in less developed, less competitive financia ...
MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS: A PROFITABLE INVESTMENT ALTERNATIVE?
This paper examines the determinants of return on equity for microfinance institutions, an important source of funds for entrepreneurs in developing countries. Recent research indicates that MFIs need to become financially sustainable without relyin ...
INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS AND PRE-IPO SHAREHOLDERS: ANGELS VERSUS VENTURE CAPITALISTS
At the time of an initial public offering, shares in a firm are typically held by venture capitalists, insiders, corporate investors, and angel investors. We examine the role of angel investors in the IPO process. We find that angel investors provi ...
Prospects of Entrepreneurship to the Challenge of Job Creation in South Africa
Entrepreneurship is critical to job creation and economic growth. Unemployment in South Africa is presently at about 25 per cent. The formal sector is unable to provide adequate employment opportunities for labour although the country registered posi ...
The Impact of Business Climate, Foreign Population, and Unemployment on New Venture Creation
This paper seeks to add to the literature on regional factors that drive development of new ventures. In particular, it investigates the effects of business climate, foreign population, and unemployment on new venture creation. Using state level data ...
Entrepreneurs’ ethically suspect behaviors and effective information acquisition: The moderating effect of impression management
Understanding the ethical conduct of entrepreneurs is becoming increasingly important. Previous research has focused on the differences between entrepreneurs and managers in terms of their ethical values and behaviors and investigated the antecedents ...
PERFORMANCE OF NEWLY-FORMED MICRO FIRMS: THE ROLE OF CAPITAL FINANCING IN MINORITY-OWNED ENTERPRISES
We sought to ascertain whether newly-formed micro firms owned by minority1 entrepreneurs would be as likely to be profitable or not when compared to non-minority2 business owners. Additionally, we placed special emphasis on the impact of equity and d ...
BEYOND THE COMMERCIAL VERSUS SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP DICHOTOMY: A CASE STUDY OF INFORMAL ENTREPRENEURS
Despite a widespread recognition in the mainstream entrepreneurship literature that many legitimate entrepreneurs do not pursue purely profit-driven commercial goals, the small but burgeoning literature on entrepreneurship in the informal economy has ...
INDIGENOUS ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NORTHERN NSW, AUSTRALIA
A number of solutions have been suggested for overcoming the considerable and entrenched economic and social disadvantage indigenous Australians face, including the encouragement to gain employment in the mainstream economy and to become entrepreneur ...
INDIGENOUS ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NORTHERN NSW, AUSTRALIA
A number of solutions have been suggested for overcoming the considerable and entrenched economic and social disadvantage indigenous Australians face, including the encouragement to gain employment in the mainstream economy and to become entrepreneur ...
EXPANDING THE NOTION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPITAL IN AMERICAN COUNTIES: A PANEL DATA ANALYSIS 2002-07
Entrepreneurship capital refers to the factors of a region that drives new businesses (Audretsch and Keilbach, 2004). This study considers industry growth and performance in manufacturing, retail and service as components of entrepreneurship capital ...
Institutional Environment for Entrepreneurship: Evidence from the Developmental States of South Korea and United Arab Emirates
The purpose of this research is to examine country institutional profile for encouraging entrepreneurial activity in two developmental states: South Korea and United Arab Emirates. Data was collected from business students in the two countries to exa ...
TARGETING THE POOR VERSUS FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AND EXTERNAL FUNDING: EVIDENCE OF MICTOFINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN GHANA
This study tests the hypotheses that: (i) formal microfinance institutions (MFIs) using their own mobilized financial resources (based on owners’ equity, commercial lending or deposits) for on-lending reach non-poor clients and (ii) concentrating on ...
In Search of Black Entrepreneurship: Why is there a lack of Entrepreneurial Activity among the Black population in South Africa?
Compared to other ethnic groups, the black population of South Africa has a low participation rate in entrepreneurship activities. The research question of this article is to explain this empirical fact. Based on twenty-four expert interviews, five p ...
Evaluating the Motives of Informal Entrepreneurs in Koforidua, Ghana
In recent years, there has been growing recognition in the entrepreneurship literature that many entrepreneurs operate in the informal economy and that not all these informal entrepreneurs are doing so out of economic necessity and because of a lack ...
Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries: Is Africa Different?
This paper uses data on new firm registrations to examine entrepreneurship in Africa relative to other developing countries. The results show that new firm creation is more pronounced in other developing regions than in Africa. In addition, the resul ...
The Causes and Dynamics of Minority Entrepreneurial Entry
This study examines the causes and dynamics in the creation of business ventures by minority nascent entrepreneurs. Minority business enterprises are an important source of job creation and innovation in the US economy, as well as economic developmen ...
An Examination of Small Firm Bootstrap Financing and use of Debt
This study examines the relationships between entrepreneurs’ use of bootstrap financing methods and access to short- and long-term debt capital. By providing additional funding options, bootstrap financing helps alleviate liquidity issues by providin ...
Latest FIndings from Randomized Evaluations of Microfinance
In 2009, the results from two microcredit impact studies in Hyderabad, India and Manila, the Philippines were released to mixed responses (Banerjee, Duflo, Glennerster and Kinnan, 2010; Karlan and Zinman, 2011). Some media declared microfinance a fai ...
A Research Note on Institutional Logics and Entrepreneurial Action: The Case of Black Church Organizations
What role do institutions play in the development of entrepreneurial ventures? What factors influence whether organizations will engage in entrepreneurial activity? While research has examined the individual and group-level characteristics of entrepr ...
The Critical Role of Trust in Microfinance Success: Identifying Problems and Solutions
Trust is the basis of many aspects of microfinance operations and is a critical determinant of microfinance success. Trust governs interactions within borrowing groups, between clients and loan officers and between clients and institutions. To effect ...
The Determinants of Risk Premium: The Case of Bank Lines of Credit Granted to SMES
The goal of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the factors that determine the risk premium on bank lines of credit obtained by SMEs, and whether firm size, which may be used by banks to segment their client base, also has an impact on cr ...
Full and Part Time Entrepreneurship and the Supply of Entrepreneurial Effort:: Evidence from Mexican Microenterprises
This paper aims to study the influence of pecuniary and non-pecuniary aspects on entrepreneurship. It attempts to fill a gap in terms of explaining how these aspects determine individual and household choices or constraints regarding entering entrepr ...
Insurance Theory and Challenges Facing the Develoment of Microinsurance Markets
Microinsurance institutions and instruments have developed rapidly over the last decade, with policies covering tens of millions at the base of the economic pyramid. Ranging from simple policies providing life or health insurance to complex policies ...
Evaluating women entrepreneurs in the informal sector: some evidence from India
Studies on women entrepreneurs in the informal economy no longer view them merely as a residue from some pre-modern mode of production that is disappearing. Instead, they are either read through a structuralist lens as marginalised populations engage ...
Through a Fractured Lens: Women Entrepreneurs and the Private Equity Negotiation Process
Access to financial resources remains an important aspect of new venture start-up and growth strategies. While women still obtain a small amount of total private equity investment, they are increasingly involved in developing high growth ventures whi ...
An Empirical Examination of the Interactive Effects of Goal Orientation, Participative Leadership and Task Conflict on Innovation in Small Business
This study investigated the relationship between task conflict and innovation in small business. It also investigated the interactive effects of entrepreneur’s goal orientation and participative leadership style on the relationship between task confl ...
An Analysis of the Relationship between New Firm Formation and Economic Development in the Northeast Region of the United Statesry Study
The overall objective of this study is to provide policy makers with information on the role of new firm formation in the economic development in the Northeast region of the United States. This study identifies and estimates the impacts of new firm f ...
Female Entrepreneurship in Afghanistan: An Exploratory Study
This paper analyses the motivations of eight female Afghan entrepreneurs to start up their own business and the problems they encountered. Income generation was the most important push factor but pull factors including desire for independence and aut ...
Parental Self-Employment, Startup Activities and Funding: Exploring Intergenerational Effects
In this paper we compare first generation entrepreneurs with entrepreneurs whose parents were self-employed. To test the hypotheses, we use PSED II data on nascent entrepreneurs to explore the effects of parental self-employment (PSE) on various star ...
Entrepreneur's Personality, Education, and Venture Effectiveness: Perceptions of Palestinian Entrepreneurs
Two hundred and eighty five entrepreneurs, prospective entrepreneurs, and the lay public in the West Bank, Palestine were surveyed to determine their motivations for business ownership, the factors contributing to their success, and the challenges th ...
Informality, Vulnerability and Development
This paper makes an attempt to estimate the index of informal sector employment that can be attributed to the supply-push phenomenon.  Factors explaining the inter-state variations in this index include the industrial-informal sector wage gap, r ...
Thinking and Slacking or Doing and Feeling? Gender and the Interplay of Cognition and Affect in New Venture Planning
Studies of the relationship between gender and entrepreneurship have shown that men are significantly more likely to start a new business than women.  Because an individual's entrepreneurial intentions are shaped by the perceived feasibility and ...
Institutions and Entrepreneurial Intent: A Cross-Country Study
This study examines a number of proposed relationships between formal and informal institutional factors that impact the entrepreneurial intent (EI) of 477 university business students in Germany, Russia and the United States, as well as similarities ...
Rural Women and Entrepreneurship: A Case Study in Heraklion Crete Prefecture, Greece
This article investigates the entrepreneurial beliefs/ambitions, expectations, goals and visions of rural women who choose to cooperate and found Women's Rural cooperatives in the Prefecture of Heraklion on the island of Crete. The results of a quali ...
It's All About the Data: Challenges and Solutions in the Study of Nascent Entrepreneurs
Entrepreneurship research has been criticized for a lack of methodological rigor, although evidence suggests that from a  methodological perspective, it is improving (Davidsson, 2006).  In this paper we systematically review the methods use ...
Social Entrepreneurship and a New Model for Internatinal Development in the 21st Centur7
In the last decade or so, there has been a growing interest in an area researchers are calling social entrepreneurship, a movement spearheaded by individuals with a desire to make the world a better place. This paper describes teh structure and proc ...
The Viability of Informal Microenterprise in South Africa
This paper analyzes entrepreneurs in South Africa informal sector. The aim is to determine the extent to which African informal retail trade spawns viable enterprises. To assess the prospects for South Africa's informal retail sector, we obtained qu ...
The Impact of College Entrepreneurial Education on Entrepreneurial Attitudes and Intention to Start a Business in Uganda
This paper reports results of a longitudinal quasi-experimental study that focused on the impact of entrepreneurial education and societal subjective norms on entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions of university students in Uganda to start a busine ...
Business Strategy and Competitive Advantage in Family Businesses in Ghana: The Role of Social Networking Relationships
The business strategy perspective argues that achieving competitive advantage hings on pursing a coherent competitive strategy. Family businesses are also said to manifest a strong desire to develop enduring and committed social relationships with e ...
Entrepreneurship as a Career Option for African Youths
This paper presents findings from a pilot study of four African entrepreneurs new to established, all who started their business as young people. Their narratives, enhanced by the inclusion of significant events derived by the use of the critical in ...
Women Entrepreneurship in West Africa: The Cowpea Street Food Sector in Niger and Ghana
Women entrepreneurship in the informal sector, such as street food vending, is important for poverty alleviation in West Africa. The street food sector provides employment for women and inexpensive and nutritious food for the urban poor. In this pa ...
Institutional and Economic Foundation of Entrepreneurship in Africa: An Overview
Africa is arguably the richest continent in terms of minerals and natural resources. Prior research has also found that Africa has an abundance of entrepreneurs that possess the ability to identify business opportunities and to exploit them. Howeve ...
THE IMPACT OF PUBLIC PROGRAMS ON THE SURVIVAL AND PROFITS OF STARTUPS: EVIDENCE FROM A REGION OF SPAIN

In spite of their significance, the analyses of public subsidies for startups have been scant in the scientific literature. The focus has been more on justifying or ...

OPPORTUNITY RECOGNITION IN INNER-CITY MARKETS: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

We argue that inner-city markets pose a challenge for business managers and entrepreneurs because many do not understand how to address significant social and instit ...

ENTREPRENEURIAL CAPITAL: EXAMINING LINKAGES IN HUMAN AND SOCIAL CAPITAL OF NEW VENTURES

Despite advancing extant theory, studies have tended to oversimplify the roles of human and social capital influences on nascent activity by underemphasizing the imp ...

AN ANALYSIS OF FUNDING DECISIONS FOR NICHE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

This paper examines the flow of funds from providers of capital to niche agricultural users of capital. Various programs through the U.S. government, state/local eco ...

PERSONAL AND EXTERNAL FACTORS EFFECT ON WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS: EVIDENCE FROM KUWAIT

The main objective of the current study is to investigate personal and external factors that might influence women’s decisions to become entrepreneurs in Kuwait. To ...

AN ANALYSIS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP ACROSS FIVE MAJOR NATIONALITY GROUPS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

The paper investigates differences in entrepreneurial activity, attitudes, aspirations, connectivity and behaviour among nascent entrepreneurs across five key nation ...

TOO SICK TO START: ENTREPRENEUR’S HEALTH AND BUSINESS ENTRY IN TOWNSHIPS AROUND DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

Unlike large firms with management teams, small businesses are usually run by one key person, the owner-entrepreneur, who bears almost all of the risks and makes mos ...

PROCESS MECHANISMS OF INSTITUTIONAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Field and historical data from China delineate two specific process mechanisms that facilitate institutional change: diminished utility of regulatory cont ...

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MOTIVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONALITY: CHINESE AND AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES

In this paper we compare the intentionality of students in graduate business p ...

FEMALE IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP:A DEVELOPING SECTOR IN JAPAN’S ENTREPRENEURIAL ECONOMY

The role of women in Japan was, traditionally, restricted to home keeping and childrearing. ...

FIRM-LEVEL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: THE ROLE OF Proactiveness, Innovativeness, and Strategic Renewal in the Creation and Exploitation of Opportunities

Recent research suggests that existing conceptualizations of firm-level entrepreneurship may not be sufficient in fully explaining the construct.

STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES FOR THE GROWTH OF MANUFACTURING SMES: A CONFIGURATIONAL PERSPECTIVE

In a now global knowledge-based economy, the strategic intent of manufacturing SMEs is manifested ...

MAKING SENSE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL OUTCOMES MEASUREMENTS IN THE LITERATURE: SUGGESTIONS FOR RESEARCHERS AND POLICYMAKERS

This article addresses three questions: (1) How has entrepreneurial outcome been measured? (2) How can these measurements be categorized? (3) What measures are ...

AFRICAN-AMERICAN ENTREPRENEURIAL VENUES AND SOCIAL CAPITAL

This study explores African American (AA) entrepreneurship through the lens of social capital. Using a foundation of social capital theory, this study attempts ...

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS: EVIDENCE FROM BULGARIA

Despite the increasing interest in researching female entrepreneurship, little is known about gender differences in pre-ventu ...

THE COMMONALITY AND CHARACTER OF OFF-THE-BOOKS ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A COMPARISON OF DEPRIVED AND AFFLUENT URBAN NEIGHBORHOODS

Until now, few studies have evaluated whether there are geographical variations in the extent and cha ...

THE CONTINUUM OF CAPITAL FOR SMALL AND MICRO ENTERPRISES

Since the 1990s, interest in the role of small and microenterprises (SMMEs) in economic development has garnered considerable attention throughout academic and ...

ESTABLISHED BUSINESS OWNERS’ SUCCESS: INFLUENCING FACTORS

This study investigates the effects of the following factors on established business owners’ success. First, th ...

AN EXAMINATION OF UNIVERSITY STUDENT ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS BY TYPE OF VENTURE

Learning what initially drives university students to be open to the thought of starting their own businesses has been of great interest to entrepreneurship research ...

ENTREPRENEURSHIP AMONG RUSSIAN IMMIGRANTS IN NORWAY

  CHANGE MANAGEMENT THROUGH ENTRPRENEURSHIP IN PUBLIC SECTOR ENTERPRISES

 

ENTREPRENEURIAL EXIT AND REENTRY OF ENTREPRENEURS: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF TURKISH ENTREPRENEURS

This study attempts to develop a better understanding in an emerging economy of the exit and reentry processes of entrepreneurs. Twelve case studies were condu ...

ISLAMIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A CASE STUDY OF SAUDI ARABIA

This paper examines the relationship between Islamic values and entrepreneurial activity and to establish whe ...

CONSERVATION AREA START-UPS: COMBINING THEORY AND PRACTICE

Business startups by indigenous people in wildlife conservation areas are prone to failure. Funding issues have been identified as a contributing cause of the disapp ...

EXPORT INITIATION IN SMALL LOCALLY-OWNED FIRMS FROM EMERGING ECONOMIES: THE ROLE OF PERSONAL FACTORS

This paper examines the impact of Personal factors in the decision of small, locally-owned firms from an emerging economy to enter into exporting. It drew on the log ...

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FEMALE AND MALE ENTREPRENEURS’ USE OF BOOTSTRAP FINANCING

Women-owned businesses are increasingly important to the U.S. economy in terms of numbers of firms owned, revenues and employment. Despite the growing role of ...

A COUNTY-LEVEL ASSESSMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN APPALACHIA USING SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

Entrepreneurship is now recognized as a strategy to achieve economic growth in many regions. The goal of this paper is to increase the understanding of entrepreneurs ...

Entrepreneurship in transitional economies: Review and integration of two decades of research

This review maps research on entrepreneurship in transitional economies since the start of institutional reforms. Data came from 129 academic journal articles ...

MICROFINANCE IN CULTURES OF NON-REPAYMENT

The microfinance industry seeks to alleviate poverty by providing business loans and related financial services to clients who are too small to be served profitably ...

INTERNET ICT USE IN AGRICULTURE: MICRO-ENTERPRISES AND SMES

To date, relatively few studies have examined information and communication technologies (ICT) use in the subset of SMEs known as micro-enterprises. Even ...

SMALL FAMILY BUSINESS SURVIVAL:STRATEGIES FOR COPING WITH OVERLAPPING FAMILY AND BUSINESS DEMANDS

This study identified 14 adjustment strategies employed by household and business managers to cope with overlapping work and family demands using data from 199 ...

IMMIGRANT AND U.S. BORN MEXICAN OWNED BUSINESSES:MOTIVATIONS AND MANAGEMENT

In this study, we seek to understand the key differences between the entrepreneurial experience for Mexican immigrant and

CREDIT RATIONING AND BLACK-OWNED FIRMS: IS THERE EVIDENCE OF DISCRIMINATION?

This article uses data from the 2003 Survey of Small Business Finances to determine if banks ration credit more severely to black-owned firms. Our results reveal thi ...

SOCIALIZATION FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP:THE SECOND GENERATION

Entrepreneurship for the first generation of immigrants might be a reasonable answer to their employment problems. Unfortunately, in addition to objective problems s ...

SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND LEARNING:THE CASE OF THE CENTRAL AMERICAN LEARNING ALLIANCE

This paper sets out to analyze social entrepreneurship in the Central America Learning Alliance, in the context of recent literature on entrep ...

PROFILES OF SUCCESSFUL CRAFT MICRO-RETAILERS

This research sought to provide insight on those strategies and business activities associated with successful micro-retail entrepreneurs, spe ...

THE SPEED OF INTERNATIONALIZATION OF ENTREPRENEURIAL START-UPS

This article examines the speed of internationalization by newly established firm ...

A CAUSE-EFFECT STUDY OF INTERFIRM NETWORKING AND CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP: INITIAL EVIDENCE OF SELF-ENFORCING SPIRALS

Participating in firm networks, where independent business organizations cooperate, has become increasingly popular to enhance firms’ innovation, ...

DETERMINANTS OF FAMILY BUSINESS RESILIENCE AFTER A NATURAL DISASTER BY GENDER OF BUSINESS OWNER

Using National Family Business Panel combined with national natural disaster and federal disaster assistance data, the study’s purpose was to ...

WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS IN THE GREEK COUNTRYSIDE: A TYPOLOGY ACCORDING TO MOTIVES AND BUSINESS CHARACTERISTICS

Differences between male and female entrepreneurs provide compelling reasons to study separately the latter. Especi ...

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ALBANIAN IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURS IN GREECE
Greece SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE AND APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS AMONG AGRO-FOOD SMES:

This article reviews some results of a policy research project addressing agro-food SME trade promotion in Southeast Asian and Western African ...

AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF GENDER AND SELF-EFFICACY IN DEVELOPING FEMALE ENTREPRENEURIAL INTEREST AND BEHAVIOR

To capture the talents of the next generations in new venture creation and to maintain the levels of entrepreneurship in our society, a vibrant “pipeline” of potenti ...

CONTRASTING E-COMMERCE BUSINESS MODELS: PERFORMANCE IMPLICATIONS FOR SMALL ENTERPRISES

Pure plays use the Internet as a market entry strategy and brick and clicks use the Internet as an alternate channel of distribution. Theoretical frameworks from ent ...

NICHE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS’ ACQUISITION OF CAPITAL

Capital acquisition is one of the most challenging, yet important, issues facing small firms.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND PRIVATE ENTERPRISE IN PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND ITS RELEVANCE TO TRANSITIONAL ECONOMIES

This paper aims to study the issues and unique characteristics surrounding the birth and

CULTURAL VALUES, MARKET INSTITUTIONS, AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP POTENTIAL: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE UNITED STATES, TAIWAN, AND VIETNAM

This study examines the impact of national cultural values and the development of market institutions on three aspects of entrepreneurship (desire, intention, and co ...

ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND THE LEGACIES OF A DEVELOPMENTAL STATE

This article aims at contributing to a more profound understanding of the relationship between ...

THE HIDDEN ENTERPRISE CULTURE OF MOSCOW: ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND OFF-THE-BOOKS WORKING PRACTICES

Even though entrepreneurs are commonly depicted as risk takers, little evaluation has occurred of whether they weigh the costs of being caught and the level of punis ...

EMPLOYEE EQUITY INCENTIVES AND VENTURE CAPITALIST INVOLVEMENT: EXAMINING THE EFFECTS ON IPO PERFORMANCE

We examine the effects of venture capitalist involvement and equity incentives for all employees on the performance of initial public offering firms. Data was ...

FOUNDER CENTRALITY, MANAGEMENT TEAM CONGRUENCE AND PERFORMANCE IN FAMILY FIRMS: A KENYAN CONTEXT

Applying social network theory to family business, founder centrality has been generally shown to positively affect top-management-team congruence and, as a co ...

SPONSORSHIP, COMMUNITY, AND SOCIAL CAPITAL RESOURCES IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES

This exploratory study conducted in heavily indigenous communities was undertaken to investigate entrepreneurial perceptions of community (sense of place, image, and ...

INFLUENCE OF FAMILY’S SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS ON THE DEBT STRUCTURE OF MEXICAN-AMERICAN AND KOREAN-AMERICAN SMALL BUSINESSES

This study utilizes the Korean-American and Mexican-American samples in the National Minority Business Survey to examine the debt structure of small businesses owned ...

ROLE DEMANDS, DIFFICULTY IN MANAGING WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT AND MINORITY ENTREPRENEURS

By exploring difficulty in managing work-family conflict for minority entrepreneurs, this study considers work-family issues for business persons who have received l ...

SEGMENTING THE POPULATION OF ENTREPRENEURS: A CLUSTER ANALYSIS STUDY

This paper contributes to our understanding of minority entrepreneu ...

SPATIAL ASSIMILATION AND SELF-EMPLOYMENT: THE CASE OF BLACK AMERICANS

Residential segregation has played a central role in theories of minority entrepreneurship. This study integrates two theories in the extant literature on minorities ...

THE EFFECTS OF ETHNICITY, FAMILIES AND CULTURE ON ENTREPRENEURIAL EXPERIENCE AN EXTENSION OF SUSTAINABLE FAMILY BUSINESS THEORY*

Entrepreneurs have been traditionally epitomized as rugged individuals garnering creative forces of innovation and technology. Applying this traditional, limited, an ...

THE EMPIRICAL TRUTHS ABOUT MINORITY ENTREPRENEURS

The Empirical Truths about Minority Entrepreneurs

...
ECONOMIC FREEDOM AND THE SUCCESS OF MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS

This study looks at the relationship between the success of microfinance institutions and the degree of economic freedom in their host countries. Many microfinance i ...

ENTREPRENEURIAL DIMENSIONS IN TRANSITIONAL ECONOMIES: A REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE AND THE CASE OF KYRGYZSTAN

The process of starting and surviving a new venture is always a challenge, and this is aggravated by unfavorable conditions especially prevalent in less affluent, de ...

FINANCIAL FUNDING OF IMMIGRANT BUSINESSES

This study investigates differences in financial funding between immigrant and nonimmigrant businesses and delineates factors influencing financial funding of immigr ...

Exploring Nascent Entrepreneurs' Financial Management Capability and its Relationship to Success in Creating a New Venture

This article explores the nature and impact of gestation-specific human capital on successful start-up among a random sample of Canadian nascent entrepreneurs. Altho ...

SEEKING ADVICE IN A DYNAMIC AND COMPLEX BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT: IMPACT ON THE SUCCESS OF SMALL FIRMS

The research explored the antecedents and outcomes of seeking information and advice seeking about the marketplace in which a small firm exists. A survey of 185 smal ...

CEO SUCCESSION, HONING, AND ENTERPRISING: A PROMISING WAY TO ACHIEVE SMALL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE?

This study examines CEO succession in small firms and the impact of CEO honing and enterprising competence on firm performance within a contingency framework. In a s ...

INFLUENCE OF FAMILY’S SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS ON THE DEBT STRUCTURE OF MEXICAN-AMERICAN AND KOREAN-AMERICAN SMALL BUSINESSES

This study utilizes the Korean-American and Mexican-American samples in the National Minority Business Survey to examine the debt structure of small businesses owned ...

ROLE DEMANDS, DIFFICULTY IN MANAGING WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT AND MINORITY ENTREPRENEURS

By exploring difficulty in managing work-family conflict for minority entrepreneurs, this study considers work-family issues for business persons who have received l ...

SEGMENTING THE POPULATION OF ENTREPRENEURS: A CLUSTER ANALYSIS STUDY

This paper contributes to our understanding of minority entrepreneu ...

SPATIAL ASSIMILATION AND SELF-EMPLOYMENT: THE CASE OF BLACK AMERICANS

Residential segregation has played a central role in theories of minority entrepreneurship. This study integrates two theories in the extant literature on minorities ...

THE EFFECTS OF ETHNICITY, FAMILIES AND CULTURE ON ENTREPRENEURIAL EXPERIENCE AN EXTENSION OF SUSTAINABLE FAMILY BUSINESS THEORY

Entrepreneurs have been traditionally epitomized as rugged individuals garnering creative forces of innovation and technology. Applying this traditional, limited, an ...

ECONOMIC FREEDOM AND THE SUCCESS OF MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS

This study looks at the relationship between the success of microfinance institutions and the degree of economic freedom in their host countries. Many microfinance i ...

ENTREPRENEURIAL DIMENSIONS IN TRANSITIONAL ECONOMIES: A REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE AND THE CASE OF KYRGYZSTAN

The process of starting and surviving a new venture is always a challenge, and this is aggravated by unfavorable conditions especially prevalent in less affluent, de ...

FINANCIAL FUNDING OF IMMIGRANT BUSINESSES

This study investigates differences in financial funding between immigrant and nonimmigrant businesses and delineates factors influencing financial funding of immigr ...

Exploring Nascent Entrepreneurs' Financial Management Capability and its Relationship to Success in Creating a New Venture

This article explores the nature and impact of gestation-specific human capital on successful start-up among a random sample of Canadian nascent entrepreneurs. Altho ...

SEEKING ADVICE IN A DYNAMIC AND COMPLEX BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT: IMPACT ON THE SUCCESS OF SMALL FIRMS

CEO SUCCESSION, HONING, AND ENTERPRISING: A PROMISING WAY TO ACHIEVE SMALL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE?

This study examines CEO succession in small firms and the impact of CEO honing and enterprising competence on firm performance within a contingency framework. In a s ...

Putting Government's Role in Perspective: The Impact of Government Programs on Entrepreneurs and Small Business Owners
Government affects entrepreneurs and small business owners through regulation and through programs and policies designed to foster business creation and growth. This study reports on small business owners' and entrepreneurs' perception of the governm ...
Microenterprise Programs and Women: Entrepreneurship as Individual Empowerment
This paper presents case study research from Women's Initiative for Self Employment (WISE) to argue that WISE, like many microenterprise programs, uses credit as a springboard to achieve something that goes beyond simple access to business funding. A ...
Reply to Raheim
Professor Raheim states in at least a dozen different variations the notion that "Bates characterizes low-income African Americans . . . as having immutable human capital defects." One problem with this is that I do not subscribe to the "Bates view o ...
Rejoinder: Toward a Broader Understanding of the Needs of African American Entrepreneurs
This article was written in response to the preceding Bates paper; The Financial Needs of Black-owned Businesses. Microenterprise development in the United States is described. The results of the final evaluation of the Self-Employment Investment Dem ...
The Financial Capital Needs of Black-owned Businesses
The human capital gap separating black American and nonminority small-business owners has rapidly narrowed in recent years but the financial capital gap has narrowed slowly. Looking solely at owners using debt to finance small-business creation, for ...
Declaration And Plan of Action
Preamble: Our purpose as an assembly is to launch a global movement to reach 100 million of the world's poorest families, especially the women of those families, with credit for self-employment and other financial and business services, by the year 2 ...
Towards Understanding the Developmental Outcomes of Government Intervention: A Dynamic-Comparative Case Study of the Community Reinvestment Act
The author studied two different banks' identification, interpretation, and response to the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) during a period when the regulation was "uncharted territory" for the banking industry. The results of a dynamic-comparative ...
Evaluating Microenterprise Programs: Issues and Lessons Learned
The use of microenterprise development as a strategy for creating economic opportunity for the poor, the unemployed, and other economically disadvantaged groups is increasing in the United States. Federal and state government agencies, as well as pri ...
Case Analysis: Evaluation of Ben Franklin Technology Center of Southeastern Pennsylvania's Enterprise Growth Fund
This study examines a group of borrowers serviced by Enterprise Growth Fund and compares them to borrowers serviced by other lenders. From a economic development point of view, I find that the borrowers approved by the Enterprise Growth Fund show les ...
What's in a Name: A Commentary on the Use of the Term "Minority"
Due to the recent increase in the amount of interest and research on businesses owned by people of color in the U.S., it is necessary to address the applicability and longevity of the term "minority" as in minority business enterprises to represent f ...
Strategic Responses to the Decline and/or Elimination of Government Set-Aside Programs for Minority and Women-Owned Businesses
For many years, Federal, state and local government set-aside contracts have provided opportunities for minority-owned (and more recently women-owned) small businesses to attain the sales volume needed to achieve break-even and subsequent profitabili ...
Capitalizing Microenterprise Funds: The Virginia Enterprise Initiative
The Virginia Enterprise Initiative (VEI) is a state program established with the objective to help fund 15 microenterprise loan programs beginning in 1995. An important aspect of the VEI program is the use of leverage. A relatively small amount of st ...
Thought Self-Leadership: Mind Management for Entrepreneurs
Entrepreneurs are practically guaranteed to find themselves confronting challenging situations. Various training programs have been used to help entrepreneurs overcome these challenges and thus enhance their success rates. This paper proposes that tr ...
Women-Owned Businesses: Obstacles and Opportunities
Record numbers of women are creating new businesses in all sectors and regions of the U.S. This impressive growth suggests that situational and dispositional barriers posited by theories are being overcome with regard to venture creation and acquisit ...
Developmental Entrepreneurship on the Internet
This column will appear on an occasional basis to provide our readership with information on Internet resources. There are many valuable sources of information on entrepreneurship and microcredit on the Internet. Unfortunately, it can be difficult to ...
Teaching About Women Managers and Women Entrepreneurs Across Cultures
Although women constitute over fifty percent of the world's population, in no country do they represent half of the managers or the owners of businesses. In most countries, management is still seen as masculine, with obstacles for women to get into t ...


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