A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MOTIVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONALITY: CHINESE AND AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES
Vol. Volume 15 Number 2 June/2010
In this paper we compare the intentionality of students in graduate business programs in the USA and China towards becoming entrepreneurs. We utilize Amabile’s Work Preference Inventory (WPI) to examine the motivational dimension of entrepreneurial intentionality and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to compare the impact of gender and family history of self-employment on employment intentionality. Our results suggest that there is a positive relationship with entrepreneurial intent in both the case of the intrinsic challenge characteristic and the extrinsic compensation characteristic. Results also suggest that the intrinsic enjoyment characteristic and the extrinsic outward characteristic are negatively correlated to self-employment. In addition, the study found that males in China exhibited a significantly greater intentionality towards self-employment than the females. We also found that entrepreneurial intentionality is stronger in the USA study group than the China group for those with prior experience of being self-employed, as well as when they come from a background that includes a family history of self-employment. However, when there is no family background of self-employment, the Chinese show greater intentionality to become self-employed than the group located in the USA.
COMPARATIVE, MOTIVATION, CHINESE, AMERICAN