Contextualizing Youth Entrepreneurship: The Case of Botswana’s Young Farmers Fund
Vol. Volume 18, Number 4 December/2013
Mike Williams, Alice J. Hovorka
Entrepreneurship is well established as a development strategy to facilitate youth empowerment in Africa. Existing scholarship on youth entrepreneurship, while informative, remains limited given its focus on either normative institutional structures or individual decision-making behaviours. Recent research offers a contextualist approach, featuring the dynamic relationship between individual behaviour and structural context. Engaging and building upon a contextualist approach, this paper offers a place-based study of youth entrepreneurship in Botswana. The paper documents empirical findings revealing trends in youth circumstances and experiences, namely empowerment potential, financial strain and knowledge/skill gaps. It then explores the cultural, political and institutional contextual effects shaping youth entrepreneurship within the YFF. The paper concludes with suggestions for enhancing practical entrepreneurship in Botswana through educational, technical and operational means. While the paper contributes a case study of youth and entrepreneurship in Botswana, it also offers and demonstrates the conceptual framework of contextualism as a useful research tool for subsequent place-based studies.
Youth, Entrepreneurship, Contextualism, Botswana, Africa