GENDER MOTIVES OF MEXICAN ENTREPRENEURS IN TWO LARGE URBAN SETTINGS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY
Vol. Volume 21, Number 3 September/2016
Yves Robichaud,Jean-Charles Cachon, José Barragán Codina, Mario César Davila Aguirre, & Alfonso Lopez Lira Arjona
The need for an income is cited by several studies as a primary motive for both formal and informal business start-up activities found in emerging countries. Conversely, entrepreneurs from developed countries enjoying more favorable economic conditions (such the United States, Canada, or the European Union) are mainly motivated by intrinsic motives. Given the extant literature, it appeared important to determine which motivators were at play in Mexican larger urban centers, where economic conditions seemed to have become similar to those of Canada and the U.S. 278 respondents participated, 78 from Guadalajara (state of Jalisco) and 200 from Monterrey (state of Nuevo Leon). No significant differences were observed between the motives of female as compared to male entrepreneurs from urban Mexico, as a majority went into business primarily for economic reasons rather than for intrinsic motives. Results were similar to those obtained in other emerging economies such as Venezuela, Turkey, Romania, and Nigeria, where similar motivation studies revealed a predominance of extrinsic motives. Knowing that Mexican entrepreneurs are mostly motivated by economic goals should help local governments in the states of Jalisco and Nuevo Leon, as well as the rest of Mexico, in designing policies aimed at fostering and facilitating entrepreneurship.
Gender and Entrepreneurship; Female Entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurship in Mexico; Emerging economies’ SMEs; Entrepreneurial Motives; Socio-cultural influences on female business owners; Women in Business; Small Business; Urban Entrepreneurship.