The performance of subsistence entrepreneurs in Tanzania’s informal economy
Vol. Volume 22, Number 1 March/2017
Emiel L. Eijdenberg and rin Borner
Recent scholars have found difficulties with the applicability of Western entrepreneurship typologies in non-Western contexts. Hence, this paper “takes a step back” by revealing what does apply as opposed to what does not apply. This paper investigates, first, what the per-formance of subsistence entrepreneurs in Tanzania’s informal economy is made up of and, second, which demographic and social factors predict that performance. On the basis of a literature review and a pre-study, a main study with questionnaires was completed by 152 informal food vendors—that is, “subsistence entrepreneurs,” in southern Tanzania. Next, a correlation analysis, a factor analysis, a reliability analysis, and regression analyses were performed to test the hypotheses. On the basis of a factor analysis, a distinction is made between basic performance and advanced performance. The results show that advanced per-formance is positively influenced by experience and age; but other factors, such as the sub-sistence entrepreneur’s gender, education, and support from family, have no effect.
Small business, entrepreneurship, personal wealth, Africa