Whitman School of Management at Syracuse University
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Abstract Details

Gender Gaps in Potential for Entrepreneurship across Countries and Cultures
Vol. Volume 9, Number 3 December/2004

Stephen L. Mueller

Differences between men and women with respect to traits associated with the potential for undertaking entrepreneurial activities were measured to determine whether gender “gaps” in these traits vary across countries and cultures. In this seventeen-country study, the male-female gap in internal locus of control orientation was found to be negatively correlated with Hofstede's masculinity dimension of culture. The gender gap in risk-taking propensity was positively correlated with the individualism dimension of culture and negatively correlated with the uncertainty avoidance dimension of culture. Gender gaps in entrepreneurial traits were greatest among advanced economies and least among the less developed economies.

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